One of the eye problems that plague many people around the world are cataracts. This is the eye disease where the person’s eyes particularly the lens starts to become cloudy and opaque which results in the person’s vision becoming blurry. To treat this eye problem, the person would have to undergo Cataract Surgery. During cataract surgery the person’s lens are actually removed and replaced with an artificial lens allowing the person to see much more clearly again.
To understand cataract surgery better, we should understand the purpose of our lens. Well the reason we have a lens in our eyes is to that it can properly bend and refract the light that is coming into your eye allowing it to go through your cornea and onto the retina creating the image that you see. Normal lenses are clear so that you can see properly but with a cataract, your vision will look clouded. Having a cataract in your eye is like looking out through a dusty or foggy window where things are hazy and not ass colorful as they are supposed to be.
The eye professionals responsible for working with patients who have cataracts are ophthalmologists. It is usually recommended that you have a cataract removed when it starts interfering with your responsibilities and things that you want to do. As mentioned during cataract surgery your lens will be removed and replaced. The replacement lens is known as intraocular lens or IOL. During a consultation with the ophthalmologist you will know more about the IOL that you will be receiving.
Before the actual Cataract Surgery, the ophthalmologist will first have to take proper measurements of your eyes. Using that data he will determine the focusing power of IOLs that you need. You will also talk about any current medication that you are taking. Your ophthalmologist might tell you not to take certain meds before undergoing cataract surgery.
Before the surgery your ophthalmologist will also prescribe you with some eye drop meds. These will help prevent you from developing any infection and reduce the swelling that occurs after undergoing cataract surgery. The ophthalmologist will also ask you not to eat any solid foods at least six hours before you are schedules to undergo cataract surgery.
The surgery itself is performed either in a hospital or in an outpatient surgery center. Before starting, the ophthalmologist will numb your eye with eye drops or with an injection. He may also ask you to take some meds to relax. Take note that you will be awake during the entire procedure and you will be seeing light but you won’t see what is actually going on in your eye.
After undergoing surgery you will be ask to stay in a recovery area for around fifteen to thirty minutes to rest. The incision that the ophthalmologist won’t be stitched but it actually self seals itself. After the recommended recovery time you can go home. Make sure you don’t strain your eye after Cataract Surgery. Allow it to properly heal after the procedure.